عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most effective concepts in Iran modern art is "nationality". This paper concerns how this concept effects on Iran Modern Arts –focuses on Iran modern visual arts- and surveys the role of "government" and "political-cultural discourses" as "patronages of the arts," which work like mediators of these effects, during first and second Pahlavi eras. The hypothesis is the modern art trends, whether in the form of cultural policies or hegemonic intellectual discourses, are affected by patronages of the arts; and the purpose of the paper is access to various forms of the "nationality" operations, also find an explanation of "how" this concept shaped the form and content of contemporary Iranian artist’s trends and art movements in Pahlavi eras. This paper explains works or artistic trends affected by cultural and governmental policies which have similarities and differences in first and second Pahlavi. The writing method is analytical, and for this purpose, the library and historical documents are searched. As a result, the concept of "nationality" introduced as a central signifier, in both futuristic approaches like discourses such as "nation-state-building" and under that "nationalism" and "modernization", also in retrospect approaches like "Originalism" as well as "third world-ism, then proposed the resulting tendencies in the Iranian modern art.