تحلیلِ شهرآشوبِ صنفیِ مسعودِ سعدِ سلمان با دیدگاهِ گلدمن و بوردیو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو

2 دانشکاه کیلان

چکیده

شهرآشوب متنی است که موضوع آن نکوهش یا ستایشِ مردمِ یک شهر یا درباریان، یا توصیفِ عاشقانۀ صاحبان شغل‌های اجتماعی باشد. شهرآشوب‌ها را می‌توان در سه دسته جای داد: شهری، صنفی، و درباری. در شهرآشوب‌های صنفی انواع شغل‌ها، فنون کار و ابزارهای آن، اصطلاحات و کنایات صنفی آمده و صاحبانِ حِرَف با نگاهِ عاشقانه و اصطلاحات مربوط به صنف و زبانِ ارتباطیِ خاصِ خود توصیف شده‌اند. شهرآشوب صنفی مسعود سعد سلمان در قالب قطعه است و روشن نیست در وصف صنوف کدام شهر از شبه‌قاره است. این مقاله به بررسی این شهرآشوب با نگاه به آرای گلدمن (Goldmann) و بوردیو (Burdieu) می‌پردازد و در آن شرایطِ تاریخیِ آفرینشِ شهرآشوبِ صنفیِ مسعودِ سعد، ساختارهای معنادار آن، پیوند آن با ساختار ذهنی سراینده، مهم‌ترین دلایل و عوامل آفرینش آن، ارتباط سراینده با حوزة قدرت، موقعیت وی با توجه به خاستگاه اجتماعی در میدان، منش و ذائقة وی و ارتباط این دو با منش و ذائقة کانون قدرت آمده است. نیز آمده که سراینده نمایندة کدام طبقة اجتماعی است و جهان‌نگری این طبقه چیست.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Masoud Sa'ad Salman unions Shahr Ashoob with the perspectives of Goldmann and Burdieu

نویسندگان [English]

  • ali nosrati siyahmazgi 1
  • moharam rezayati kishaxale 2
چکیده [English]

Analysis of Masoud Sa'ad Salman unions Shahr Ashoob with the perspectives of Goldmann and Burdieu

Moharram Rezayati Kishekhaleh & Ali Nosrati Siyahmazgi


Abstract
Shahr Ashoob is the context about praising people of city or courtier and lovely describing of owners' social professions. We can categorize Shahr Ashoob in three groups: urbun Shahr Ashoob; unions Shahr Ashoob is about describing courties amatoryly, artisan and totally social professions; and courtiers Shahr Ashoob. In unions Shahr Ashoob, we can observe types of jobs. Labour techniques and its instruments, idioms and unions ironies. In this type, the owner of professions is described by glare of amatory and terms-related to union and their particular dialect for establishing connection. The other characteristics of them was educational aspect and and training children. With considering it, we can determine professional evolutions variously. There are unions Shahr Ashoob in most era, but the acme of its composing is related to Safavi ages. Shahr Ashoobs have got closer connection with community, so Shahr Ashoobs are appropriate contexts for analyzing sociology.
Masoud Sa'ad is the primary Persian composer of Shahr Ashoob and has got two types of it; the first one is courtier and the other is union. His union Shahr Ashoob has fragment froms and it is not clear which peninsula is related to his description. This article is considering this type with Goldmann and Burdieu perspectives. Their fields are literature sociology. Goldmann's focus is on social class and Burdieu's habitude and field. Goldmann with Lukass influencing, engaged in analyzing connection of class situation, cosmogony, literary form and artist political situations.
In Goldmann's reading, cultural literature is evidence of experience and social processes. He wants to show how cumulative awareness creates literary works. Burdieu is in contrary with internal and external factors, Burdieu with its Field theory mentions that structure of various fields at social space form behaviours and in pursuing of manner, literary works were created. He knows social life like playing, in playing, the people occupying some places and engaging in improving their place and competency on investment. Economic and cultural investments are two opposite poles each other at social field. The function of Field is like Magnetic and the positions are determinded on basis of their relationships with the two poles. Burdieu mentions that literary work derived from dialection of Field and behavior created work and historical regions have influence on creation of litery works.
Masoud Sa'ad is known as founder of poet of Shahr Ashoob and its basis is on literary tradition. Masoud Sa'ad union Shahr Ashoob's meaningful structures are describing and writing love poems. His description focus is on describing owners of profession rather than union description and implementing which was indicator of people life style. His referring to union response is for reinforcing writing love poems or is tools in the focus of writing love poems. Pleasanting in his Shahr Ashoob isn't salient. The structure of Masoud Sa'ad Shahr Ashoob emerged from era's literary field. He had some attention to power field and for reaching it, he followed to pursuit cultural, economical investment and communication channel, so, he put the foundation of poems of Shahr Ashoob in regard to Ghaznavs's please. The playe of power field were male pomes. Masoud Sa'ad Salman was the representatives of the Nobles class, and his Shahr Ashoob reflected their cosmogony. His satire style was of the small rank of them. His view toward jobs and speech style is dependent to social situations of prpfessions.

key words: Shahr Ashoob, unions Shahr Ashoob, Masoud Sa'ad Salman, Goldmann, Burdieu.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Shahr Ashoob
  • unions Shahr Ashoob
  • Masoud Sa'ad Salman
  • Goldmann
  • Burdieu