عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Sociology of art and Literature as one of the sub disciplines of Sociology of knowledge studies social and cultural conditions of creation of an artistic and literary relic. Since art and literature are crystallization of social life of a group, class or a nation, so through the study of them it is possible to perceive social and economic situation of society. As soon as the sociology of art and literature as a branch of the sociology of knowledge has been initiated many literary masterpieces including those of famous authors of Western novels have been studied from a sociological perspective. In Iran, however, research in the field of sociology of literature has been limited. The events covered in the historical and sociological study of the historical novel "Tears of Sabalan" written by Ebrahim Darabi starts on Azar 25th 1325 and continues until the Islamic Revolution in 1357. In this two-volume novel, Darabi describes the life of Azerbaijani fighters. Sociological research on the Tears of Sabalan has not been done, albeit the issue has been addressed from the literary perspective.
To fill the mentioned gap, the subject of present article is to study structural equivalence between structural aesthetics of historical novel "Tears of Sabalan", mental structure of writer and ideology of middle class during the period of its creation. This study is based on Goldman's genetic structuralism through two levels of perception and analysis.
The results show that the writer wants to explore success and failure of social movements during the Pahlavi period. Hence, according to the writer, cooperation of groups and social classes, middle- class ideology and intervention of foreign players, explain the success and failure of these movements.
Author of the novel was a high school teacher and came from a middle class origin. In addition, like most his counterpart intellectuals, was a pro socialist tendencies, and eager to solve social problems. As such the ideologies of middle class and social groups are reflected in his novel.