عنوان مقاله [English]
this study investigate representation of motherhood and its transformation in Iranian cinema with emphsizeing ideological structures of selected films. the theoritical idea of article is that motherhood is a variable concept and multiple experiences. The theoretical framework of feminist theorists dispute over the approval and denial of women's maternal instinct and applied concepts such as mother, biological mother, myth, native, native instinct, the experience of the mother, the plural motherhood. Films studied in this research include the film"mother" by ali hatami,"mother love"by kamal tabrizi,"invitation" by ebrahim hatami kia, "gilaneh" by rakhshan bani-etemad,and "I am the mother" by Feridun Jeirani. The concluding section of the film analysis using semiotics, critical method is a division of john fiske. The film emphasizes the ideological structure of society and confirms the biological mother's maternal instinct in women as the most important and most essentially feminine instinct. but semiotic analysis imply that changed representation of motherhood on the basis of society situation. from myth motherhood to crisis of motherhood. motherhood affected by external contexts not internal circumstance of women, this external structures and cultural contexts includes cultural myths, masculinity and class structure.
Keywords: mother, biological mother, motherhood experience, mother nature, native myth, narrative structure, ideological structure